IRKUTSK CITY
Irkutsk is the city of the middle of the Earth
On the banks of the lake Baikal a couple of big cities, such as Irkutsk and Ulan-Yde. Irkutsk it is a great city to stop for a few days and explore the Eastern Siberia. Irkutsk was founded in 1661,the name of the city comes from name of the river Irkut. Since 1825 Irkutsk became a capital of extensive territory which included Siberia, Russiaís Far East and Alaska.

Although the city was officially founded in 1686 (based on a settlement that had grown around a military fort at the same location starting ca. 1661), it would be these Decembrists who would grow Irkutsk into the cultural and intellectual center that it now is. Although the Decembrists (The Decembrists - is a group of liberal aristocrats, inspired by the ideals of the French Revolution, had been secretly plotting against the monarchy in the hope of creating a constitutional monarchy. Following the death of Imperator Alexander I and the renunciation of the throne by hi brothrer Nicholas I stepped forward and was sworn as a Imperator. But on 14 of December in St. Petersburg, reformist military officers belonging to these revolutionary movements attempted to force the adoption of a constitutional monarchy by preventing the accession. But revolt was doomed, some 60 people died in the fighting. The main protagonists were quickly sentenced to death, but the others of high millitary rank were exiled to Siberia where they became known as the Decembrists),were prisoners of the state and stripped of much of their wealth, they and their families helped bring modern European culture to what was still a developing land. They built schools, hosted balls, and held open discussions in their homes on a range of topics and issues. Their migration, though forced and restricted, established an intellectual and cultural link between the western Russian cities and the Siberian territories.

The Decembrists are still fondly remembered in Irkutsk and two house-museums, the former residences of the Volkonsky and Trubetskoy families are still immaculately kept as tributes to these people and their contributions to the city's history. Irkutsk kept the spirit of 19th century Russian city. In the center, there are blocks of traditional wooden buildings with typical carvings. There are many old churches such as Spasskaya church (Saviour's Church). This is the city oldest surviving place of worship and dates from 1706. Until the 1930 it was overshadowed by one by one of the largest cathedrals in Russia, which stood on the site of today's regional administration building. It was demolished on Stalin orders after suffering considerable damage in the Civil War. Irkutsk is also a starting point for expeditions and tours to Baikal Lake, which is just in 1 hour ride from the city. In Summer, there are a lot of travellers from all over the world going to the lake from Irkutsk. Nowadays city which is combines contrasts, great nature, culture and the pure spirit of Siberia celebrate anniversary three hundred fifty years old!

PESCHANAYA BAY (SANDY BAY)

The sandy bay is one of the most beautiful and well known places on the lake. Thatís why the bay is also called Baikal Rivera, and it is also announced to be a monument of nature.  The art photos of this place are often decorate the photo albums and other books about Baikal. It is impossible to come here by car, because of the thick taiga forest. The nearest road coming to Baikal Lake is in Hargino it is 9 km to the north, or from the settlement Big Goloustnoye, which 35 km to the south is. You can get to the Sandy bay from the village Big Goloustnoye for two days walk along the Big Baikal path. But this path is running far from the shore, and the lake id hidden with the dense taiga. And also you can use a boat to get to the bay. 
The clean and sandy beach of the bay has a form of a semicircle; it is 750 m long, 15 -20 m wide, surrounded with beautiful rocks Big Kadilnya 80 m above the lake level. And the Small Kadilnya 60 m above the lake level. In the formal time a big light house was located on the top of the Big Kadilnya, the wooden stairs were leading there and in front of the very rock was an iron ladder. In 1990s the light house was closed and now the ladder is broken and can be dangerous. And if now you want to climb to the very top of the mountain you can do it from the bay Babushka side and if you want to reach the top of the Small Kadilnya, you should know that only experienced alpinists can do it. 
The micro climate in the bay is very soft with a lot of sunny days per year. The same situation is only on the sunny resorts of the Black Sea shores. It is the only place in the eastern Siberia where the average annual temperature of the air is + 0.4 oC. 
The water temperature is low in the bay during the whole summer and not everyone will want to swim here. But clean and sandy beaches of the bay are attractive for those who love to get sun tan. 
The sights of the bay are the so called walking trees. The Sandy bay is the only place around Baikal Lake where the trees roots are so bared. The trees with roots above the ground are growing in the northern part of the bay on the sandy slope. The strong wind and water blow out the sand from the roots, making the roots bare. The powerful larch trees with wounded branches are even higher than the humans. And some tree roots are so huge that even higher than 6 m high. But the most famous walking tree is the one where a man with his arms up can come under its roots. But at the end of 80s of the last century being very old it fell down. The last photo of this famous tree in which roots a group of 5-6 people can stand was taken in1988. Baikal walking tresses are very similar to a tree mangrove which is growing in the Latin America on the sea shore, which has to rise above the sea shore saving its leaves from saltwater tides. The walking tress in the sandy bay differ from the trees in the Latin America, appeared as a result of the frequent strong winds from the south of the Baikal Lake. 

The sandy bay is one of the most beautiful and well known places on the lake. Thatís why the bay is also called Baikal Rivera, and it is also announced to be a monument of nature.  The art photos of this place are often decorate the photo albums and other books about Baikal. It is impossible to come here by car, because of the thick taiga forest.

The nearest road coming to Baikal Lake is in Hargino it is 9 km to the north, or from the settlement Big Goloustnoye, which 35 km to the south is. You can get to the Sandy bay from the village Big Goloustnoye for two days walk along the Big Baikal path. But this path is running far from the shore, and the lake id hidden with the dense taiga. And also you can use a boat to get to the bay. 

The clean and sandy beach of the bay has a form of a semicircle; it is 750 m long, 15 -20 m wide, surrounded with beautiful rocks Big Kadilnya 80 m above the lake level. And the Small Kadilnya 60 m above the lake level. In the formal time a big light house was located on the top of the Big Kadilnya, the wooden stairs were leading there and in front of the very rock was an iron ladder. In 1990s the light house was closed and now the ladder is broken and can be dangerous. And if now you want to climb to the very top of the mountain you can do it from the bay Babushka side and if you want to reach the top of the Small Kadilnya, you should know that only experienced alpinists can do it. 

The micro climate in the bay is very soft with a lot of sunny days per year. The same situation is only on the sunny resorts of the Black Sea shores. It is the only place in the eastern Siberia where the average annual temperature of the air is + 0.4 oC. 

The water temperature is low in the bay during the whole summer and not everyone will want to swim here. But clean and sandy beaches of the bay are attractive for those who love to get sun tan.

The sights of the bay are the so called walking trees. The Sandy bay is the only place around Baikal Lake where the trees roots are so bared. The trees with roots above the ground are growing in the northern part of the bay on the sandy slope. The strong wind and water blow out the sand from the roots, making the roots bare. The powerful larch trees with wounded branches are even higher than the humans. And some tree roots are so huge that even higher than 6 m high. But the most famous walking tree is the one where a man with his arms up can come under its roots. But at the end of 80s of the last century being very old it fell down. The last photo of this famous tree in which roots a group of 5-6 people can stand was taken in1988. Baikal walking tresses are very similar to a tree mangrove which is growing in the Latin America on the sea shore, which has to rise above the sea shore saving its leaves from saltwater tides. The walking tress in the sandy bay differ from the trees in the Latin America, appeared as a result of the frequent strong winds from the south of the Baikal Lake.